Studies that were published online in the European Heart Journal with more than 19,000 patients showed that blood pressure medications are best taken at bedtime. The risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular problems were cut in half compared to patients who took their medicines in the morning.
What is hypertension?
According to medicalnewstoday.com, hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. If left unmonitored or untreated, it increases the risks of cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and death.
When is a person considered hypertensive?
Most of the time, patients only know that they are hypertensive during a routine medical check-up.
The American Heart Association issued a recent guideline in determining if you already have high blood pressure or not.
- Normal- less than 120 (systolic) and less than 80 (diastolic).
- Elevated – 120-129 (systolic) and less than 80 (diastolic).
- High blood pressure stage 1 – 130-139 (systolic) or 82-89 (diastolic).
- High blood pressure stage 2- 140 or higher (systolic) or 90 or higher.
- Hypertensive Crisis – higher than 180 and/or higher than 120.
When is the best time to take your meds?
Spain researchers who conducted the study with men and women aged 18 and older had lowered their blood pressure by taking their meds at night. The participants have been diagnosed with high blood pressure before the study and were monitored and tracked for six years.
At the end of the study, they found out that taking blood pressure meds at night lowered the risk of dying due to heart problems by 44%, 40% drop in the risk for coronary revascularization, 42% lower risk for heart failure and 49% drop in stroke risk. This is because better nighttime blood pressure control is the most significant marker of cardiovascular risk.
Ramón C. Hermida, the lead author of the study acknowledged some limitations on the studies made, like participants were made to follow a normal sleep routine, all participants are white and it did not cover individuals who worked at night. However, he is hoping that the study findings may finally give doctors some guidance when giving the best practices for blood pressure patients.
Consistency and compliance in taking blood pressure medicines are still the best way of lowering the risk of high blood pressure. Your doctor is the only one who can prescribe the best time you can take your meds because health conditions vary from person to person.