Typically, as the rain pours out heavily it resulted to floods hence, causes diseases that are transmitted through water infected with human or animal waste.
Prevention is better than cure. In order to prevent any such, we should familiarize ourselves first to the common rainy diseases.
We’ve listed down the common diseases that are most likely you can get.
Caused by flu virus (Influenza A, B, or C) which enters into the respiratory tract. Started with persistent cough and colds, followed by fever, headache, or body aches.
If you get struck by this virus take medication for fever, get enough rest, take lots of fluids and eat nutritious foods.
To avoid getting it, provide a separate room for a sick person, cover the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, wash hands always with soap and water and avoid crowded places.
2. Athlete’s Foot
During rainy season, we cannot avoid soaking our feet in floodwaters thus, cause to develop athlete’s foot – a fungal skin infection commonly seen between toes. The skin is scaly that causes itching, stinging and burning.
Treatment includes antifungal topical solutions, keeping the areas clean, dry and expose to air.
3. Dengue Fever
An acute infectious disease caused by a day biting mosquito called aedes aegypti, a carrier of dengue virus. They lay eggs in clear and stagnant water that filled up by the rainwater outside of your house.
It is dangerous because the symptoms are difficult to identify. In fact, you can have high fever for 3 consecutive days without other signs of infection or can reach until 2 weeks before you see the manifestation. Better to see a Doctor right away before it’s too late because it might already spread all over your body.
Manifestations include fever that last 2-7 days, joint and muscle pain, skin rashes, nose-bleeding after fever starts to subside, abdominal pain, vomiting of coffee-colored matter and dark-colored stools.
As of now, the cure is unknown. The treatment only depends on the symptoms the person is manifesting. Drinking lots of fluid is advised.
Dengue can be prevented by cleaning and covering all water containers at all times, beware of possible breeding grounds like flower vase, old tires, bottles, tin cans and other items that can collect and hold water.
Develop when in contact with flood waters, vegetation and soil contaminated by leptospira bacteria found in urine of infected animals, especially rats, that enters through open wounds.
It is followed by high fever, muscle aches, vomiting and diarrhea, in which are also common manifestation for other illnesses. It is best to consult your doctor for proper assessment for early detection and treatment to prevent complications like liver and brain involvement or kidney failure.
To prevent from acquiring this disease, always use boots and gloves, not to wade or swim with potentially contaminated water, and control rats in the household by using rat poison or traps.
An intestinal infection caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholera usually found in human waste. By drinking contaminated water and eating food will cause vomiting and diarrhea which can lead to dehydration like sunken eyeballs and dry skin.
Make sure to replace all fluids by drinking lots of water and go to nearest hospital if diarrhea persist for more than three days.
How to avoid this disease?
-Make sure the water and food you drink is clean. If in doubt, much better to boil the water until reaching to boiling point for 3 minutes or more.
-Use clean water when washing and cooking the food properly.
-Make sure to dispose properly the human waste.
-Clean the toilet and use it properly.
-After using the toilet and before eating, wash your hands with soap and water.
6. Typhoid Fever
A bacterial infections caused by salmonella typhi which is transmitted through eating contaminated food and water with human waste. It is contagious, which means others can get it via infected person’s stool or urine, saliva and contaminated utensils. Make sure to provide a separate room for the sick person to prevent the spread of it.
People with this disease may experience high fever, weakness, poor appetite, abdominal discomfort and diarrhea or constipation.
Ways to prevent the transmission of this disease:
– To always boil the water until reaching to boiling point for 3 minutes or more.
– Wash vegetables and fruits with clean water.
– Cook the food properly. Make sure to cover the food to avoid flies from touching them.
– After using the toilet and before eating, always wash hands with soap.
This rainy season, it’s okay to enjoy the rain as long as you are cautious with your health. As rain cause several illnesses, the good thing is, all are preventable and treatable. The important key is hand washing to prevent the spread of such diseases.