Groundbreaking discovery at the Callao Cave

The Philippines was again featured in the worldwide news because of a newly discovered species of humans. The species is one of the most important contributions of the Philippines in science named Homo luzonensis.

Discovery of Homo luzonensis

A group of international archaeologists together with Filipino archaeologist Dr. Armand Mijares discovered the new human species and named him Homo luzonensis.


Foot bone, attributed to Homo luzonensis, is unusually curved
Source: National Geographic

Five of the seven teeth attributed to Homo luzonensis, small sizes but one premolar has three roots.
Source: National Geographic

The newly discovered species was said to have lived at least 50,000 to 67,000 years ago on the island of Luzon. In a press statement last Wednesday, April 10, 2019, the archaeologist described the new species as having a small-bodied hominin, and stood less than 3 feet tall. The hominin identified has a total of seven teeth and six small bones. Interestingly, Luzon is now the third Southeast Asian island in the last 15 years to show telltale signs of ancient human activity.

Homo species family tree

The Homo luzonensis is the fourth human species discovered in Asia, along with Homo erectus, Homo sapiens, and Homo floresiensis.

Homo erectus is a highly variable species, it is the first species discovered in Africa. They had a longest-lived early human species than our own species Homo sapiens. Homo floresiensis is a hominin, also known as the “hobbit,” that was found on the island of Flores in Indonesia.

After the discovery of Homo floresiensis, Mijares and his team got inspired and returned to Callao Cave in 2007 to dig deeper. In the year 2010, they found a 67,000-year-old fossil named Homo sapiens in Callao Cave.

Remarkably, on April 10, 2019, in the Philippines, a group of international archaeologist team led by Filipino archaeologist Dr. Armand Mijares announced the discovery of ancient human species named Homo luzonensis, a species that may be considered as one of the most important discoveries in the history of human evolution.

Human Origins 101
Source: Youtube

Importance of Homo luzonensis

According to Dr. Armand Mijares an archaeologist, discovering of Homo luzonensis will be added to the world history of human evolution.

Interview with Dr. Armand Mijares
Professor, Filipino Archaeologist who discovered Homo luzonensis
Source: Rappler

Homo luzonensis is a big contribution of the Philippines in world history. We will now be part of the conversation, debate, discussion on the issue of evolution and archaeology.

“ Kung dati wala tayo, ngayon tayo naman, ang bida. This is our contribution to the world.” Mijares added.

Source: Facebook

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