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Risks That You Might Be Signing Up For When You Smoke

The effects of smoking are far more dangerous than what you see on the outside like dry skin or dark lips. Unknown to many, some of these unnoticeable changes are killing you slowly. 

Smoking can cause the following health problems that smokers might not notice right away:

Coronary heart disease

A fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states, “The risk of CVD increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day, and when smoking continues for many years.”

One of the many effects of smoking is coronary heart disease or blockage of the coronary arteries. Nicotine and other chemicals found in cigarettes can cause the blood to thicken and form clots inside the arteries. Any blockage from a clot may result in a heart attack or worse, sudden death.

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Liver cirrhosis

The toxic chemicals found in cigarettes can cause liver cirrhosis and cancer.  For one thing, smoking promotes the production of cytokines, chemicals that cause damage to liver cells. What’s worse, people with Hepatitis B or C are at risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma, a form of liver cancer.

Ectopic pregnancy

Smoking raises a woman’s risk for ectopic pregnancy (an embryo growing outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube). The culprit could be the overproduction of the protein PROKR1 causing the fallopian tube not to contract enough to send the egg to the uterus.

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All ectopic pregnancies are risky. A ruptured ectopic pregnancy is considered a medical emergency as it can result in dangerous internal bleeding, infection or worse, death.

Lung cancer

Cigarettes contain more than 7000 toxic chemicals. No wonder, cigarette smoking is the number 1 cause of lung cancer. The moment you inhale cigarette smoke, carcinogens then damage the cells that line the lungs.

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At first, our body can reverse the damage. However, repeated exposure can cause these cells to act abnormally and then cancer starts. Sadly, most of the symptoms of lung cancers are undetectable until it has advanced, so patients don’t seek medical help until it’s too late.

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Ditch the habit before it’s too late

Indeed, smoking can cause you terrible diseases before it eventually kills you. You might want to give it a thought before you light up another stick.

Source: American Cancer Society

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